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You are in: Polignano a Mare

Polignano a Mare

Historical notes

Thirty three kilometres southeast of Bari on the Adriatic coast lies Polignano a Mare, a charming town since its ancient origins.The remote origin of the first settlements is indisputable; less certain is the provenance of those who built it.

«The earliest evidence of human settlement in the territory of Polignano a Mare seems to bring us back to the Pleistocene» (F. Franco Favale).

Pompeo Sarnelli, Bishop of Bisceglie from 1692 to 1724, traces the first permanent village, at Caio Mario which sailing in the Adriatic arrived on our shores. With the help of a Falcon (u 'castarille), he built a tower hereafter called "Polyhymnia" (name of a muse), while the name of the leader "Mariano", took the wording of port in S. Vito (Locus Marianus), four kilometres northwest of the town.

Nicola Uva, a well-known polignanese writer, said that it was a legendary history, and other sources show that the town was founded by the Greeks and named "Plymnianum" which means "built up place". Other historians confirm that it was a Greek colony but was so called "Maganza" and then "Apenestae". Others are sure that it was called "Neapolis Peucetorum".

Certainly coins were found with the Doric "NEAP" and it is thought that, between Bari and Egnatia, a colony of marine resources, known as Neapolis, then renamed Polis -Nea (New City), Polineanum, then Polignano and then Polignano a Mare, by the idea of Bartolomeo Giuliani, a local notary.

Churches of Polignano a Mare

Chiesa di Santa Maria AssuntaChiesa Matrice

Chiesa del PurgatorioChiesa del Purgatorio

AlberobelloChiesa di Sant'Antonio

Chiesa S. Cosma e DamianoChiesa di S. Cosma e Damiano

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